${session.getAttribute("locale")} 5 Exploring associations between early substance use and longitudinal socio-occupational functioning in young people engaged in a mental health service Wed 30 Jan 2019 11:49:13 AEST ]]> Health assessment of Conolophus subcristatus, Conolophus pallidus, and C. subcristatus X Amblyrhynchus cristatus hybrid (Galápagos land iguanas) Wed 23 Oct 2019 14:30:46 AEST ]]> An exploration into the efficacy of public warning signs: A zoo case study Wed 20 Mar 2019 15:00:49 AEST ]]> Beyond Symbiosis: Cleaner Shrimp Clean Up in Culture Wed 19 Apr 2017 14:57:37 AEST ]]> In silico characterisation of the two-component system regulators of Streptococcus pyogenes Wed 18 Mar 2020 09:18:39 AEST ]]> Hexarelin Protects Rodent Pancreatic Β-Cells Function from Cytotoxic Effects of Streptozotocin Involving Mitochondrial Signalling Pathways In Vivo and In Vitro Wed 18 Mar 2020 09:16:27 AEST ]]> Predicted Coverage and Immuno-Safety of a Recombinant C-Repeat Region Based Streptococcus pyogenes Vaccine Candidate Wed 18 Mar 2020 09:14:56 AEST ]]> Molecular Comparison of Bacterial Communities on Peripheral Intravenous Catheters and Matched Skin Swabs Wed 18 Mar 2020 09:14:44 AEST ]]> Mitogenomic diversity in Sacred Ibis Mummies sheds light on early Egyptian practices Wed 18 Mar 2020 09:13:35 AEST ]]> Immunization of a wild koala population with a recombinant Chlamydia pecorum Major Outer Membrane Protein (MOMP) or Polymorphic Membrane Protein (PMP) based vaccine: New insights into immune response, protection and clearanc Wed 18 Mar 2020 09:00:18 AEST ]]> A study of the vaginal microbiome in healthy Canadian women utilizing cpn60-based molecular profiling reveals distinct Gardnerella subgroup community state types Wed 18 Mar 2020 09:00:12 AEST ]]> Therapeutic effect of a Chlamydia pecorum recombinant major outer membrane protein vaccine on ocular disease in koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) Wed 18 Mar 2020 08:57:52 AEST ]]> Deciphering Signaling Pathway Networks to Understand the Molecular Mechanisms of Metformin Action Wed 18 Mar 2020 08:57:28 AEST ]]> Chlamydiaceae in wild, feral and domestic pigeons in Switzerland and insight into population dynamics by Chlamydia psittaci multilocus sequence typing Wed 18 Mar 2020 08:57:16 AEST ]]> Antibiotic treatment of Chlamydia-induced cystitis in the koala is linked to expression of key inflammatory genes in reactive oxygen pathways Wed 18 Mar 2020 08:56:11 AEST ]]> Epidemiology of chlamydial infection and disease in a free-ranging koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) population Wed 18 Mar 2020 08:55:33 AEST ]]> Chlamydia pecorum gastrointestinal tract infection associations with urogenital tract infections in the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) Wed 18 Mar 2020 08:55:15 AEST ]]> Proteomic Analysis of the Schistosoma mansoni Miracidium Wed 18 Mar 2020 08:55:03 AEST ]]> Humoral immune response against two surface antigens of Chlamydia pecorum in vaccinated and naturally infected sheep Wed 18 Mar 2020 08:49:43 AEST ]]> A Prototype Recombinant-Protein Based Chlamydia pecorum Vaccine Results in Reduced Chlamydial Burden and Less Clinical Disease in Free-Ranging Koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) Wed 18 Mar 2020 08:48:51 AEST ]]> Measurement of tissue azithromycin levels in self-collected vaginal swabs post treatment using liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) Wed 18 Mar 2020 08:48:39 AEST ]]> Vaccination of koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) against Chlamydia pecorum using synthetic peptides derived from the major outer membrane protein Wed 18 Mar 2020 08:47:46 AEST ]]> Optimising the short and long-term clinical outcomes for koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) during treatment for chlamydial infection and disease Wed 18 Mar 2020 08:46:53 AEST ]]> Antibody and Cytokine Responses of Koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) Vaccinated with Recombinant Chlamydial Major Outer Membrane Protein (MOMP) with Two Different Adjuvants Wed 18 Mar 2020 08:43:56 AEST ]]> Tracing the environmental footprint of the Burkholderia pseudomallei lipopolysaccharide genotypes in the tropical “Top End” of the Northern Territory, Australia Wed 18 Mar 2020 08:31:27 AEST ]]> Phylogeographic, genomic, and meropenem susceptibility analysis of Burkholderia ubonensis Wed 18 Mar 2020 08:31:14 AEST ]]> Burkholderia pseudomallei distribution in Australasia is linked to paleogeographic and anthropogenic history Wed 18 Mar 2020 08:29:19 AEST ]]> Patterns of Phylogenetic Diversity of Subtropical Rainforest of the Great Sandy Region, Australia Indicate Long Term Climatic Refugia Wed 18 Mar 2020 08:15:48 AEST ]]> Determination of Characteristics of Erythromycin Resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae with Preferred PCV Usage in Iran Wed 18 Mar 2020 08:05:18 AEST ]]> A multidisciplinary approach to inform assisted migration of the restricted rainforest tree, Fontainea rostrata Wed 18 Mar 2020 08:04:38 AEST ]]> The impact of human activities on Australian wildlife Wed 18 Mar 2020 08:02:29 AEST ]]> Effects of roasting on kernel peroxide value, free fatty acid, fatty acid composition and crude protein content Wed 18 Mar 2020 07:56:54 AEST ]]> The Antibacterial Activity of Australian Leptospermum Honey Correlates with Methylglyoxal Levels Wed 18 Mar 2020 07:55:25 AEST ]]> Rapid and Reliable HPLC Method for the Simultaneous Determination of Dihydroxyacetone, Methylglyoxal and 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural in Leptospermum Honeys Wed 18 Mar 2020 07:54:42 AEST ]]> Multigenic Delineation of Lower Jaw Deformity in Triploid Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar L.) Wed 18 Mar 2020 07:48:36 AEST ]]> Human papillomavirus infection among head and neck squamous cell carcinomas in Southern China Wed 18 Mar 2020 07:48:25 AEST ]]> Biomolecular changes that occur in the antennal gland of the giant freshwater prawn (Machrobrachium rosenbergii) Wed 18 Mar 2020 07:48:18 AEST ]]> Comparative proteomic study reveals the enhanced immune response with the blockade of interleukin 10 with anti-IL-10 and anti-IL-10 receptor antibodies in human U937 cells Wed 18 Mar 2020 07:47:07 AEST ]]> Characterisation of early metazoan secretion through associated signal peptidase complex subunits, prohormone convertases and carboxypeptidases of the marine sponge (Amphimedon queenslandica) Wed 18 Mar 2020 07:47:01 AEST ]]> Characterisation of Reproduction-Associated Genes and Peptides in the Pest Land Snail, Theba pisana Wed 18 Mar 2020 07:46:17 AEST ]]> A Biomphalaria glabrata peptide that stimulates significant behaviour modifications in aquatic free-living Schistosoma mansoni miracidia Wed 18 Mar 2020 07:46:03 AEST ]]> Investigation the Possibility of Using Peptides with a Helical Repeating Pattern of HydroPhobic and Hydrophilic Residues to Inhibit IL-10 Wed 18 Mar 2020 07:45:56 AEST ]]> Major ampullate silk gland transcriptomes and fibre proteomes of the golden orb-weavers, Nephila plumipes and Nephila pilipes (Araneae: Nephilidae) Wed 18 Mar 2020 07:45:13 AEST ]]> Ionotropic Receptors Identified within the Tentacle of the Freshwater Snail Biomphalaria glabrata, an Intermediate Host of Schistosoma mansoni Wed 18 Mar 2020 07:44:57 AEST ]]> Transcriptome Analysis of the Sydney Rock Oyster, Saccostrea glomerata: Insights into Molluscan Immunity Wed 18 Mar 2020 07:22:23 AEST ]]> Characterization of three venom peptides from the spitting spider Scytodes thoracica Wed 18 Mar 2020 07:21:25 AEST ]]> Discovery and mode of action of a novel analgesic β-toxin from the African spider Ceratogyrus darlingi 30 μM) in fluorimetric assays. In patch-clamp electrophysiological assays Cd1a inhibited rat Cav2.2 with similar potency (IC50 3 μM) without influencing the voltage dependence of Cav2.2 activation gating, suggesting that Cd1a doesn’t act on Cav2.2 as a classical gating modifier toxin. The Cd1a binding site on Cav2.2 did not overlap with that of the pore blocker ω-conotoxin GVIA, but its activity at Cav2.2mutant indicated that Cd1a shares some molecular determinants with GVIA and MVIIA, localized near the pore region. Cd1a also inhibited human Nav1.1–1.2 and Nav1.7–1.8 (IC50 0.1–6.9 μM) but not Nav1.3–1.6 (IC50 > 30 μM) in fluorimetric assays. In patch-clamp assays, Cd1a strongly inhibited human Nav1.7 (IC50 16 nM) and produced a 29 mV depolarising shift in Nav1.7 voltage dependence of activation. Cd1a (400 pmol) fully reversed Nav1.7-evoked pain behaviours in mice without producing side effects. In conclusion, Cd1a inhibited two anti-nociceptive targets, appearing to interfere with Cav2.2 inactivation gating, associated with the Cav2.2 α-subunit pore, while altering the activation gating of Nav1.7. Cd1a was inactive at some of the Nav and Cav channels expressed in skeletal and cardiac muscles and nodes of Ranvier, apparently contributing to the lack of side effects at efficacious doses, and suggesting potential as a lead for development of peripheral pain treatments.]]> Wed 18 Mar 2020 07:21:22 AEST ]]> Effects of whale-based tourism in Vava’u, Kingdom of Tonga: Behavioural responses of humpback whales to vessel and swimming tourism activities Wed 17 Jul 2019 11:18:43 AEST ]]> A systematic review and meta-analysis of the direct epidemiological and economic effects of seasonal influenza vaccination on healthcare workers Wed 16 Oct 2019 16:30:56 AEST ]]> Reliability and validity of clinically accessible smartphone applications to measure joint range of motion: A systematic review 18 years old. An electronic search using PubMed, Medline via Ovid, EMBASE, CINAHL, and SPORTSDiscus was performed. The risk of bias was assessed using a standardised appraisal tool. Twenty-three of the eligible 25 studies exceeded the minimum 60% score to be classified as a low risk of bias, although 3 of the 13 criteria were not achieved in >50% of the studies. Most of the studies demonstrated adequate intra-rater or inter-rater reliability and/or validity for >50% of the range of motion tests across all joints assessed. However, this level of evidence appeared weaker for absolute (e.g. mean difference ± limit of agreement, minimal detectable change) than relative (e.g. intraclass correlation, correlation) measures; and for spinal rotation than spinal extension, flexion and lateral flexion. Our results provide clinicians with sufficient evidence to support the use of smartphones and apps in place of goniometers to measure joint motion. Future research should address some methodological limitations of the literature, especially including the inclusion of absolute and not just relative reliability and validity statistics]]> Wed 15 May 2019 13:16:49 AEST ]]> Where Have All the Giants Gone? How Animals Deal with the Problem of Size Wed 14 Mar 2018 13:54:41 AEST ]]> Macroscale patterns in body size of intertidal crustaceans provide insights on climate change effects Wed 14 Mar 2018 13:19:41 AEST ]]> Evaluation of the Wii balance board for walking aids prediction: Proof-of-concept study in total knee arthroplasty Wed 12 Feb 2020 14:53:37 AEST ]]> Decoding diffusivity in multiple schlerosis: analysis of optic radiation lesional and non-lesional white matter Wed 12 Feb 2020 14:25:37 AEST ]]> Predicting crashes using traffic offences. A meta-analysis that examines potential bias between self-report and archival data Wed 12 Feb 2020 09:31:48 AEST ]]> Anthropogenic debris ingestion by avifauna in eastern Australia Wed 07 Feb 2018 10:10:41 AEST ]]> Prey Density Threshold and Tidal Influence on Reef Manta Ray Foraging at an Aggregation Site on the Great Barrier Reef Wed 07 Feb 2018 09:35:42 AEST ]]> Gut microbiota and their putative metabolic functions in fragmented Bengal tiger population of Nepal Wed 04 Sep 2019 11:28:52 AEST ]]> Quality appraisal of clinical guidelines for surgical site infection prevention: A systematic review Wed 01 Apr 2020 09:19:20 AEST ]]> Neurodegeneration and epilepsy in a zebrafish model of CLN3 Disease (Batten Disease) Tue 29 Aug 2017 11:09:35 AEST ]]> Prevalence of sleepwalking: A systematic review and meta-analysis Tue 26 Nov 2019 11:12:53 AEST ]]> Healthy aging affects cerebrovascular reactivity and pressure-flow responses, but not neurovascular coupling: A cross-sectional study Tue 21 May 2019 14:10:48 AEST ]]> Do Hybrid Trees Inherit Invasive Characteristics? Fruits of Corymbia torelliana X C. citriodora Hybrids and Potential for Seed Dispersal by Bees Tue 16 Oct 2018 11:30:53 AEST ]]> Drink driving engagement in women: An exploration of context, hazardous alcohol use, and behaviour Tue 15 Oct 2019 13:00:26 AEST ]]> Effects of Individualized Centrifugation Training on Orthostatic Tolerance in Men and Women Tue 10 Mar 2020 13:15:21 AEST ]]> Effects of four weeks intermittent hypoxia intervention on glucose homeostasis, insulin sensitivity, GLUT4 translocation, insulin receptor phosphorylation, and Akt activity in skeletal muscle of obese mice with type 2 diabetes Tue 07 Jan 2020 07:55:14 AEST ]]> Prospects for Moxidectin as a New Oral Treatment for Human Scabies Tue 04 Apr 2017 13:06:32 AEST ]]> Species, sex and geo-location identification of seized tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) parts in Nepal - A molecular forensic approach Thu 30 Aug 2018 10:01:28 AEST ]]> What's in a game? A systems approach to enhancing performance analysis in football Thu 27 Jun 2019 10:08:59 AEST ]]> The Effect of Recovery Duration on Vastus Lateralis Oxygenation, Heart Rate, Perceived Exertion and Time Motion Descriptors during Small Sided Football Games Thu 27 Jun 2019 10:05:36 AEST ]]> Optimising Land-Sea Management for Inshore Coral Reefs 58% of scenarios with positive outcomes, and >98% of the most effective (5th percentile) scenarios. Heightened fishing restrictions, restoring habitats, and reducing nutrient discharges from wastewater treatment plants have additional, albeit smaller effects. There was no evidence that combining individual management actions would consistently produce sizeable synergistic until after maximum investment on both marine reserves (i.e. increasing reserve extent from 31 to 62% of reefs) and sediments (i.e. rehabilitating 6350 km of waterways within catchments to reduce sediment loads by 50%) were implemented. The method presented here provides a useful tool to prioritize environmental actions in situations where multiple competing management interventions exist for coral reefs and in other systems subjected to multiple stressor from the land and the sea.]]> Thu 27 Apr 2017 13:10:27 AEST ]]> The influence of speed and size on avian terrestrial locomotor biomechanics: Predicting locomotion in extinct theropod dinosaurs Thu 22 Mar 2018 13:35:42 AEST ]]> Quantifying kinematic differences between land and water during squats, split squats, and single-leg squats in a healthy population Thu 22 Mar 2018 10:40:39 AEST ]]> Drivers of Tree Growth, Mortality and Harvest Preferences in Species-Rich Plantations for Smallholders and Communities in the Tropics 5cm) did not have an impact on growth, growth rates were decreasing in stands with a high basal area. Tree size in the first period of measure was a good predictor for both tree growth and tree status in the next period, with larger trees tending to grow faster and having a greater chance of being harvested, and a lower possibility of mortality than smaller trees. Shade-intolerant trees were both more likely to be harvested, and had a higher probability of death, than shade-tolerant individuals. Native species and exotic species were equally likely to have been lost from the plots between measurement periods. However, shade-tolerant native trees were likely to grow faster than the others at age 10+ years. Our findings suggest that species traits (e.g. shade tolerance) could play an important role in optimizing species composition for this type of plantation. Shade-intolerant species with rapid early growth could contribute early income for farmers in mixed plantings where some]]> Thu 20 Jun 2019 17:14:10 AEST ]]> Anti-predator meshing may provide greater protection for sea turtle nests than predator removal Thu 20 Jun 2019 11:01:01 AEST ]]> Activity Profiles and Physiological Responses of Representative Tag Football Players in Relation to Playing Position and Physical Fitness Thu 17 Nov 2016 11:14:02 AEST ]]> Exercise in isolation- a countermeasure for electrocortical, mental and cognitive impairments 2500 arbitrary training units/interval) or inactive (< 2500 arbitrary training units/interval) group. Results: A long-term effect of exercise was observed for brain activity and mood. Regularly active people showed a decreased brain activity (alpha and beta) in the course of isolation, and steady mood. Inactive people instead first increased and than remained at high brain activity accompanied with a deterioration of mood. No effect of exercise and isolation was found for cognitive performance. Conclusion: The findings point out the positive effect of regularly performed voluntary exercise, supporting subjective mental well-being of long-term isolated people. The choice to be regularly active seems to support mental health, which is not only of interest for future isolation and space missions.]]> Thu 17 Nov 2016 11:06:48 AEST ]]> CRISPR Diversity in E. coli Isolates from Australian Animals, Humans and Environmental Waters Thu 17 Nov 2016 11:06:40 AEST ]]> Edging along a warming coast: a range extension for a common sandy beach crab Thu 16 Feb 2017 09:42:24 AEST ]]> Evaluating conservation breeding success for an extinct-in-the-wild antelope Thu 14 Feb 2019 12:46:12 AEST ]]> The Effect of Short and Long Term Endurance Training on Systemic, and Muscle and Prefrontal Cortex Tissue Oxygen Utilisation in 40 – 60 Year Old Women 5 yr) compared to a short term trained (STT; 6–24 months) participants during ramp incremental (RI) cycling, but similar during square-wave constant load (SWCL) cycling performed at the same relative intensity (below ventilatory turn point [VTP]); and that pre-frontal cortex (PFC) HHb would be similar between participant groups in both exercise conditions. Methods: Thirteen STT and 13 LTT participants performed RI and SWCL conditions on separate days. VO2, and VL, GAST, and PFC HHb were measured simultaneously. Results: VO2peak was higher in LTT compared to STT, and VO2 was higher in LTT at each relative intensities of 25%, 80% and 90% of VTP in SWCL. HHb in the VL was significantly higher in LTT compared to STT at peak exercise (4.54 ± 3.82 vs 1.55 ± 2.33 μM), and at 25% (0.99 ± 1.43 vs 0.04 ± 0.96 μM), 80% (3.19 ± 2.93 vs 1.14 ± 1.82 μM) and 90% (4.62 ± 3.12 vs 2.07 ± 2.49 μM) of VTP in SWCL. Conclusions: The additional (12.9 ± 9.3) years of ET in LTT, resulted in higher VO2, and HHb in the VL at peak exercise, and sub—VTP exercise. These results indicate that in women 40–60 years old, systemic and muscle O2 utilisation continues to improve with ET beyond two years.]]> Thu 14 Feb 2019 10:46:47 AEST ]]> Public Health Responses to and Challenges for the Control of Dengue Transmission in High-Income Countries: Four Case Studies Thu 12 Dec 2019 13:56:54 AEST ]]> Epidemic Potential for Local Transmission of Zika Virus in 2015 and 2016 in Queensland, Australia Thu 09 Jan 2020 12:26:56 AEST ]]> Behavioural effects of tourism on oceanic common dolphins, Delphinus sp., in New Zealand: The effects of markov analysis variations and current tour operator compliance with regulations Mon 25 Nov 2019 15:29:48 AEST ]]> A Parallel Population Genomic and Hydrodynamic Approach to Fishery Management of Highly-Dispersive Marine Invertebrates: The Case of the Fijian Black-Lip Pearl Oyster Pinctada margaritifera Mon 24 Apr 2017 13:32:20 AEST ]]> A biomechanical analysis of the roundhouse kicking technique of expert practitioners: A comparison between the martial arts disciplines of Muay Thai, Karate, and Taekwondo Mon 23 Oct 2017 15:38:30 AEST ]]> Pathogen to commensal? Longitudinal within-host population dynamics, evolution, and adaptation during a chronic >16-year Burkholderia pseudomallei infection 16-year period, and also sampled the patient’s home environment, recovering six closely related B. pseudomallei isolates from the household water system. Using comparative genomics, we identified 126 SNPs in the core genome of the 124 isolates or 162 SNPs/indels when the accessory genome was included. The core SNPs were used to construct a phylogenetic tree, which demonstrated a close relationship between environmental and clinical isolates and detailed within-host evolutionary patterns. The phylogeny had little homoplasy, consistent with a strictly clonal mode of genetic inheritance. Repeated sampling revealed evidence of genetic diversification, but frequent extinctions left only one successful lineage through the first four years and two lineages after that. Overall, the evolution of this population is nonadaptive and best explained by genetic drift. However, some genetic and phenotypic changes are consistent with in situ adaptation. Using a mouse model, P314 isolates caused greatly reduced morbidity and mortality compared to the environmental isolates. Additionally, potentially adaptive phenotypes emerged and included differences in the O-antigen, capsular polysaccharide, motility, and colony morphology. The >13-year co-existence of two long-lived lineages presents interesting hypotheses that can be tested in future studies to provide additional insights into selective pressures, niche differentiation, and microbial adaptation. This unusual melioidosis case presents a rare example of the evolutionary progression towards commensalism by a highly virulent pathogen within a single human host.]]> Mon 23 Mar 2020 14:51:19 AEST ]]> Light sensors for objective light measurement in ambulatory polysomnography Mon 12 Feb 2018 16:17:40 AEST ]]> Parthenogenesis in a captive Asian water dragon (Physignathus cocincinus) identified with novel microsatellites Mon 10 Jun 2019 10:53:42 AEST ]]> Assessment of lower limb muscle strength and power using hand-held and fixed dynamometry: A reliability and validity study Mon 09 Jan 2017 10:58:50 AEST ]]> Vector competence of Australian Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus for an epidemic strain of Zika virus Fri 29 Nov 2019 10:21:47 AEST ]]> El Niño Southern oscillation, overseas arrivals and imported chikungunya cases in Australia: A time series analysis Fri 29 Nov 2019 10:07:50 AEST ]]> The Early Shorebird Will Catch Fewer Invertebrates on Trampled Sandy Beaches Fri 28 Apr 2017 10:18:09 AEST ]]> Not "just" an intravenous line: Consumer perspectives on peripheral intravenous cannulation (PIVC). An international cross-sectional survey of 25 countries Fri 22 Feb 2019 10:45:44 AEST ]]> Diversity begets diversity: A global perspective on gender equality in scientific society leadership Fri 18 Jan 2019 10:36:05 AEST ]]> Structural and Psycho-Social Limits to Climate Change Adaptation in the Great Barrier Reef Region Fri 14 Jun 2019 09:52:57 AEST ]]> Effect of Chronic Training on Heart Rate Variability, Salivary IgA and Salivary Alpha-Amylase in Elite Swimmers with a Disability Fri 08 Apr 2016 08:46:47 AEST ]]> Cortical network models of firing rates in the resting and active states predict bold responses Fri 08 Apr 2016 08:11:11 AEST ]]> Fish Rejections in the Marine Aquarium Trade: An Initial Case Study Raises Concern for Village-Based Fisheries Fri 08 Apr 2016 07:19:22 AEST ]]> The Effect of Active versus Passive Recovery Periods during High Intensity Intermittent Exercise on Local Tissue Oxygenation in 18 – 30 Year Old Sedentary Men Fri 07 Feb 2020 10:38:51 AEST ]]>