http://research.usc.edu.au/vital/access/manager/Index ${session.getAttribute("locale")} 5 Association of time spent in physical activities and sedentary behaviors with carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity: A systematic review and meta-analysis http://research.usc.edu.au/vital/access/manager/Repository/usc:24819 18 years old were included in this analysis. Correlation coefficients (CCs) were converted to Z scores via Fisher's z values for the analysis of summary effects, using a random-effects model. Results: Twelve studies were included in the systematic review. The meta-analysis showed a negative correlation between cfPWV and LPA (CC -0.16; 95% CI: -0.29 to -0.03; p=.02) and MVPA (CC -0.16; 95% CI: -0.26 to -0.06; p<.01), and a positive relationship between cfPWV and SB (CC 0.23; 95% CI: 0.12 to 0.35; p<.01). Conclusions: Time spent in light and moderate physical activities is associated with lower arterial stiffness, while time spent in SB is related to higher arterial stiffness. It suggests that PA at any intensity is favorable for arterial stiffness, whereas SB leads to increased arterial stiffness. Considering that cfPWV has an independent prognostic value, these associations may have important clinical implications.]]> Thu 03 Jan 2019 14:53:14 AEST ]]> Hemodynamic and autonomic responses after a single session of resistance exercise following anodal motor cortex tDCS http://research.usc.edu.au/vital/access/manager/Repository/usc:23233 0.05). Diastolic and mean BP reduced after both anodal tDCS and sham conditions with no differences between them (P> 0.05). In comparison with anodal tDCS, there were slower HR recovery (tDCS vs. sham: -2 ± 14 vs. 14 ± 8 bpm) and higher RPP (tDCS vs. sham: -1083 ± 1846 vs. 1672 ± 1275 mmHg × bpm) after exercise following sham condition (P< 0.01). No differences were found in any of the HRV analyzed parameters (P> 0.05). CONCLUSION: A single session of primary motor cortex tDCS is capable of decreasing the systolic BP and HR responses, as well as the cardiac work after a resistance exercise session in young normotensive subjects regardless of any changes in cardiac autonomic modulation.]]> Fri 09 Aug 2019 15:20:40 AEST ]]>