${session.getAttribute("locale")} 5 Do video game interventions improve motor outcomes in children with developmental coordination disorder? A systematic review using the ICF framework Wed 30 Jan 2019 11:35:16 AEST ]]> Falls by individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A preliminary 12-month prospective cohort study Wed 21 Dec 2016 12:58:39 AEST ]]> Impaired postural control in healthy men at moderate altitude (1630 M and 2590 M): Data from a randomized trial Wed 21 Dec 2016 12:01:50 AEST ]]> Evaluation of the Wii balance board for walking aids prediction: Proof-of-concept study in total knee arthroplasty Wed 21 Dec 2016 12:01:48 AEST ]]> Neuromuscular deficits after peripheral joint injury: A neurophysiological hypothesis Wed 21 Dec 2016 10:58:46 AEST ]]> Associations of isokinetic knee steadiness with hop performance in patients with ACL deficiency Wed 21 Dec 2016 10:09:44 AEST ]]> Does meniscal pathology alter gait knee biomechanics and strength post-ACL reconstruction? Wed 21 Dec 2016 09:55:44 AEST ]]> Predictors of physical activity levels of individuals following traumatic brain injury remain unclear: A systematic review Wed 21 Dec 2016 09:34:46 AEST ]]> Ballistic strength training compared with usual care for improving mobility following traumatic brain injury: protocol for a randomised, controlled trial Wed 20 Jun 2018 14:03:49 AEST ]]> Motor trajectories from birth to 5 years of children born at < 30 weeks’ gestation: early predictors and functional implications. Protocol for a prospective cohort study Wed 20 Jun 2018 13:35:48 AEST ]]> Standing balance post total knee arthroplasty: sensitivity to change analysis from four to twelve weeks in 466 patients 0.20 and non-redundant (Spearman's rho <0.75). The ES of COP-derived variables (maximum ¼ 0.45) were lower than gait speed (1.40) and knee extensor strength (1.54). Conclusion: Increased high velocity ML sway is present at four compared to 12 weeks post-TKA. This augmented rapid sway may provide increased challenges to the postural control system at a time coinciding with reduced strength levels, which could have implications for physical function during activities of daily living.]]> Wed 14 Mar 2018 16:00:42 AEST ]]> The effectiveness of aquatic exercise in improving lower limb strength in musculoskeletal conditions: a systematic review and meta-analysis Wed 14 Mar 2018 15:53:39 AEST ]]> Standing balance and inter-limb balance asymmetry at one year post primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: Sex differences in a cohort study of 414 patients Wed 14 Mar 2018 14:01:39 AEST ]]> Benefits of home-based multidisciplinary exercise and supportive care in inoperable non-small cell lung cancer - protocol for a phase II randomised controlled trial Wed 13 Dec 2017 10:43:56 AEST ]]> Force during functional exercises on land and in water in older adults with and without knee osteoarthritis: Implications for rehabilitation Wed 06 Mar 2019 14:59:59 AEST ]]> Home-based rehabilitation in inoperable lung cancer: a randomised controlled trial Wed 06 Feb 2019 15:47:04 AEST ]]> Feasibility of Ballistic Strength Training in Sub-Acute Stroke: A Randomized, Controlled, Assessor-Blinded Pilot Study Wed 03 Jul 2019 12:57:09 AEST ]]> Lower-Limb Angular Velocity During Walking at Various Speeds Wed 03 Jul 2019 12:56:39 AEST ]]> Inter- and intra-rater variability of testing velocity when assessing lower limb spasticity Wed 02 Jan 2019 12:10:10 AEST ]]> Validity of a low-cost laser with freely available software for improving measurement of walking and running speed 0.88, R>0.89). For the longer interval, all mean absolute errors were <0.03m/s (0.24-1.31%). Slightly higher mean absolute error values were reported for the shorter interval (3.16-5.10%), with the highest error of 0.184m/s evident for the flying start running trial. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that a low-cost and accessible laser system can be used to accurately assess walking and running speed. To aid implementation and further research, freely available hardware design descriptions and downloadable software can be accessed at]]> Wed 02 Jan 2019 08:33:02 AEST ]]> An observational study on usual physiotherapy care in a stroke rehabilitation unit Wed 01 Mar 2017 10:22:30 AEST ]]> Toward accurate clinical spasticity assessment: Validation of movement speed and joint angle assessments using Smartphones and camera tracking Tue 30 Jul 2019 10:55:39 AEST ]]> Measuring lateropulsion following stroke: a feasibility study using Wii Balance Board technology Tue 29 May 2018 08:25:47 AEST ]]> Feasibility of Ballistic Strength Training in Subacute Stroke: A Randomized, Controlled, Assessor-Blinded Pilot Study Tue 27 Nov 2018 12:59:26 AEST ]]> Between-leg differences in challenging single-limb balance performance one year following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction 0.686). Further, multiple linear regression analyses showed no significant associations between concomitant meniscectomy or chondral lesions noted at the time of ACLR and measures of single-limb balance on the ACLR limb one year later (all P values >0.213). In the context of prior research, these findings suggest bilateral balance deficits may exist prior to ACL injury, or appear post ACL-injury or ACLR. Treatment of balance deficits should therefore consider both limbs after ACLR.]]> Tue 21 Nov 2017 13:43:56 AEST ]]> Accurate clinical spasticity assessment: Validation of movement speed and joint angle assessments using Smartphones and camera tracking. Tue 21 Aug 2018 14:23:22 AEST ]]> Lower limb angular velocity during walking at various speeds Tue 21 Aug 2018 14:16:21 AEST ]]> Modified Conventional Gait Model versus cluster tracking: Test-retest reliability, agreement and impact of inverse kinematics with joint constraints on kinematic and kinetic data Tue 14 May 2019 16:37:46 AEST ]]> Associations Among Quadriceps Strength and Rate-of-Torque Development 6 Weeks Post Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction and Future Hop and Vertical Jump Performance: A Prospective Cohort Study Tue 13 Mar 2018 14:20:39 AEST ]]> The concurrent validity and intrarater reliability of the Microsoft Kinect to measure thoracic kyphosis Tue 12 Dec 2017 15:00:54 AEST ]]> The contribution of hearing and hearing loss to balance control Tue 06 Feb 2018 14:06:41 AEST ]]> Investigating the Feasibility and Utility of Bedside Balance Technology Acutely after Pediatric Concussion: A Pilot Study Tue 06 Feb 2018 13:45:41 AEST ]]> Evaluating Access and Mobility within a New Model of Supported Housing for People with Neurotrauma: A Pilot Study Tue 06 Feb 2018 13:25:55 AEST ]]> Wearable sensors and Mobile Health (mHealth) technologies to assess and promote physical activity in stroke: A narrative review Tue 06 Feb 2018 13:04:40 AEST ]]> Do trials of resistance training to improve mobility after stroke adhere to the American College of Sports Medicine guidelines? A systematic review Tue 05 Mar 2019 12:34:42 AEST ]]> Factors associated with post-stroke physical activity: a systematic review and meta-analysis Tue 05 Mar 2019 12:21:46 AEST ]]> SeeSway – A free web-based system for analysing and exploring standing balance data Tue 05 Feb 2019 13:18:13 AEST ]]> Low-cost electromyography – Validation against a commercial system using both manual and automated activation timing thresholds 0.99) and modest to excellent for mean contraction intensity, with the TKEO method primarily recording stronger agreement than the manual method. Poor to excellent inter-tester reliability occurred for contraction duration. Our findings indicate that a low-cost EMG system is comparable to a commercial system for assessing muscle activation, and that using the TKEO improved the reliability of timing related variables.]]> Tue 04 Jun 2019 11:45:43 AEST ]]> Lower limb angular velocity during walking at various speeds Tue 04 Jun 2019 11:02:39 AEST ]]> Automated analysis of gait and modified timed up and go using the Microsoft Kinect in people with Parkinson’s disease: associations with physical outcome measures Thu 31 Jan 2019 16:45:09 AEST ]]> Physical Activity Levels Are Low in Inoperable Lung Cancer: Exploratory Analyses from a Randomised Controlled Trial Thu 29 Aug 2019 11:58:43 AEST ]]> Comparative performance of isometric and isotonic quadriceps strength testing in total knee arthroplasty Thu 28 Jun 2018 09:04:47 AEST ]]> Methods of assessing associated reactions of the upper limb in stroke and traumatic brain injury: A systematic review Thu 28 Jun 2018 08:22:48 AEST ]]> Postural control in lowlanders with COPD travelling to 3100 m; data from a randomized trial evaluating the effect of preventive dexamethasone treatment 25%, what has been associated with an increased risk of falls in previous studies. Conclusions: Lowlanders with COPD travelling from 760 to 3100 m revealed postural instability 24 h after arriving at high altitude, and this was not prevented by dexamethasone.]]> Thu 26 Jul 2018 16:09:22 AEST ]]> Balance and Falls in Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Prospective Study Thu 22 Mar 2018 10:26:42 AEST ]]> Dynamic single-leg postural control is impaired bilaterally following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: Implications for reinjury risk Thu 22 Dec 2016 11:00:44 AEST ]]> Associations of calf inter- and intra-muscular adipose tissue with cardiometabolic health and physical function in community-dwelling older adults Thu 22 Dec 2016 10:04:44 AEST ]]> Early changes in Achilles tendon behaviour in vivo following downhill backwards walking Thu 22 Dec 2016 09:01:44 AEST ]]> Development of a prediction model to estimate the risk of walking limitations in patients with total knee arthroplasty Thu 22 Dec 2016 07:38:58 AEST ]]> Age- and sex-based recovery curves to track functional outcomes in older adults with total knee arthroplasty Thu 15 Mar 2018 09:30:42 AEST ]]> Greater knee flexion excursion/moment in hopping is associated with better knee function following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction Thu 14 Mar 2019 09:47:43 AEST ]]> Gait velocity and joint power generation after stroke: contribution of strength and balance Thu 10 Oct 2019 15:00:39 AEST ]]> The fear and risk of community falls in patients following an intensive care admission: An exploratory cohort study Thu 10 Oct 2019 13:52:45 AEST ]]> Predicting dynamic foot function from static foot posture: Comparison between visual assessment, motion analysis, and a commercially available depth camera Thu 05 Jan 2017 10:01:47 AEST ]]> Cortical motor representation of the rectus femoris does not differ between the left and right hemisphere Thu 05 Jan 2017 07:41:46 AEST ]]> Factors associated with gait speed recovery after total knee arthroplasty: A longitudinal study Mon 30 Oct 2017 12:51:46 AEST ]]> Impaired voluntary quadriceps force control following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: relationship with knee function Mon 29 May 2017 13:48:45 AEST ]]> Falls efficacy, postural balance, and risk for falls in older adults with falls-related emergency department visits: Prospective cohort study Mon 26 Mar 2018 15:21:39 AEST ]]> Spatiotemporal, kinematic, force and muscle activation outcomes during gait and functional exercise in water compared to on land: A systematic review 4.66) and vertical ground reaction forces (VGRF) (SMD >1.91) in water were less than on land, however, lower limb range of movement and muscle activity were similar. VGRF in plyometric exercise was lower in water when landing but more similar between the two environments in propulsion. Maximal speed of movement for walking and stationary running was lower in water compared to on land (SMD > 3.05), however was similar in propulsion in plyometric exercise. Interpretation: Drag forces may contribute to lower self-selected speed of walking. Monitoring speed of movement in water assists in determining the potential advantages or limitations of aquatic exercise and the task specificity to land-based function. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.]]> Mon 23 Jul 2018 08:21:21 AEST ]]> Reduced motor cortex inhibition and a ‘cognitive-first’ prioritisation strategy for older adults during dual-tasking Mon 22 Oct 2018 12:01:25 AEST ]]> Lumbar extensor muscle force control is associated with disability in people with chronic low back pain Mon 21 May 2018 12:42:53 AEST ]]> Open-source 3D printed sensors for hand strength assessment: Validation of low-cost load cell and fabric sensor-based systems 0.75) agreement with the load cell despite non-simultaneous assessment. These findings indicate that 3D printed sensors incorporating a load cell and a pressure-sensing fabric can be used to replicate a pinch grip assessment performed with a mechanical pinch gauge. CONCLUSIONS: This study lays the foundation for these sensor systems to be modified for use as assessment tools during the performance of functional tasks using everyday objects. Additionally, because both systems generate real-time force data they could be used for biofeedback as part of rehabilitation and strengthening programs. To aid uptake and future research using these systems, the 3D print models, step-by-step hardware design and software programs used are provided in an open-source format at]]> Mon 15 Oct 2018 10:23:25 AEST ]]> Predicting individual knee range of motion, knee pain, and walking limitation outcomes following total knee arthroplasty Mon 15 Apr 2019 09:34:56 AEST ]]> Three-dimensional cameras and skeleton pose tracking for physical function assessment: A review of uses, validity, current developments and Kinect alternatives Mon 10 Dec 2018 14:53:09 AEST ]]> Instrumenting gait assessment using the Kinect in people living with stroke: Reliability and association with balance tests 0.75) and not strongly correlated (Spearman's ρ < 0.80) with each other (i.e. non-redundant). Results: Kinect-derived variables were found to be highly reliable (all ICCs > 0.80), but many were redundant. The final regression model using Kinect-derived variables consisted of the asymmetry scores, mean gait velocity, affected limb foot swing velocity and the difference between peak and mean gait velocity. In comparison with the clinically-derived regression model, the Kinect-derived model accounted for >15% more variance on the MLWS, ST and FR tests and scored similarly on all other measures. Conclusions: In conclusion, instrumenting gait using the Kinect is reliable and provides insight into the dynamic balance capacity of people living with stroke. This system provides a minimally intrusive method of examining potentially important gait characteristics in people living with stroke. © 2015 Clark et al.; licensee BioMed Central.]]> Mon 09 Jan 2017 10:58:53 AEST ]]> Assessment of lower limb muscle strength and power using hand-held and fixed dynamometry: A reliability and validity study Mon 09 Jan 2017 10:58:50 AEST ]]> Quantifying individual components of the timed up and go using the kinect in people living with stroke Mon 09 Jan 2017 10:58:48 AEST ]]> Associations between lower limb strength and gait velocity following stroke: A systematic review Mon 09 Jan 2017 10:51:48 AEST ]]> Knee flexion strength is significantly reduced following competition in semi-professional Australian Rules football athletes: Implications for injury prevention programs Mon 05 Aug 2019 16:43:44 AEST ]]> Strength Testing After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Prospective Cohort Study Investigating Overlap of Tests Mon 04 Nov 2019 11:24:41 AEST ]]> Improving walking ability in people with neurological conditions: A theoretical framework for biomechanics driven exercise prescription Mon 03 Jun 2019 10:04:39 AEST ]]> Reliability and validity of the Wii Balance Board for assessment of standing balance: A systematic review Fri 30 Nov 2018 15:22:52 AEST ]]> Associations of components of sarcopenic obesity with bone health and balance in older adults Fri 30 Nov 2018 15:12:45 AEST ]]> Do clinical tests of spasticity accurately reflect muscle function during walking: A systematic review Fri 29 Jun 2018 16:34:49 AEST ]]> Correspondence: Time-based versus repetition-based sit-to-stand measures: choice of metrics matters Fri 29 Jun 2018 11:47:53 AEST ]]> The reliability of a maximal isometric hip strength and simultaneous surface EMG screening protocol in elite, junior rugby league athletes Fri 27 Jul 2018 16:46:25 AEST ]]> Reliability and concurrent validity of a Smartphone, bubble inclinometer and motion analysis system for measurement of hip joint range of motion . 0.75) for four out of the seven movements, and moderate to good reliability for the remaining three movements (ICC. =. 0.63-0.68). Additionally, the Smartphone application displayed comparable reliability to the bubble inclinometer. The Smartphone application displayed excellent validity when compared to the three dimensional motion analysis system for all movements (ICCs. >. 0.88) except one, which displayed moderate to good validity (ICC. =. 0.71). Conclusions: Smartphones are portable and widely available tools that are mostly reliable and valid for assessing passive hip range of motion, with potential for large-scale use when a bubble inclinometer is not available. However, caution must be taken in its implementation as some movement axes demonstrated only moderate reliability. © 2014 Sports Medicine Australia.]]> Fri 27 Jul 2018 16:46:24 AEST ]]> Single-Leg Squat Performance is Impaired 1 to 2 Years After Hip Arthroscopy .05). Conclusion: One to 2 years after hip arthroscopy, deficits in single-leg squat performance exist that have the potential to increase hip joint impingement and perpetuate postoperative symptoms. Rehabilitation after hip arthroscopy should target retraining in functional single-leg positions. © 2016 American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.]]> Fri 27 Jul 2018 16:46:22 AEST ]]> Exercise Interventions for the Prevention and Treatment of Groin Pain and Injury in Athletes: A Critical and Systematic Review Fri 27 Jul 2018 16:46:20 AEST ]]> Knee flexion not hip extension strength is persistently reduced following hamstring strain injury in Australian Football athletes: Implications for Periodic Health Examinations Fri 22 Feb 2019 11:20:43 AEST ]]> Trunk and lower limb coordination during lifting in people with and without chronic low back pain Fri 22 Feb 2019 10:47:49 AEST ]]> Three-dimensional assessment of squats and drop jumps using the Microsoft Xbox One Kinect: Reliability and validity Fri 22 Feb 2019 10:24:44 AEST ]]> An exploratory study examining factors underpinning postural instability in older adults with idiopathic neck pain 0.05). The neck-pain group demonstrated higher falls efficacy (p = 0.01), greater levels of dizziness handicap (p < 0.01), and higher CoP velocity measures in the moderate (1.56–6.25 Hz) and low (0.39–1.56Hz) frequency bandwidths. Our results suggest that neck-pain induced postural control deficits in older adults may not be associated with the physical activity levels, lower limb motor and sensory function, or vestibular and visual function. Inferring from wavelet analysis results, we speculated that sensory re-weighting may have occurred to compensate for the deficits in neck proprioception. Further research is warranted to determine neck specific mechanisms underpinning postural control dysfunction in neck pain]]> Fri 22 Feb 2019 10:17:43 AEST ]]> Poor knee function after ACL reconstruction is associated with attenuated landing force and knee flexion moment during running Fri 22 Feb 2019 10:17:43 AEST ]]> Comprehensive clinical sitting balance measures for individuals following stroke: a systematic review on the methodological quality Fri 22 Feb 2019 09:28:50 AEST ]]> Gait assessment using the Microsoft Xbox One Kinect: Concurrent validity and inter-day reliability of spatiotemporal and kinematic variables Fri 21 Dec 2018 13:09:59 AEST ]]> Calf muscle density is independently associated with physical function in overweight and obese older adults Fri 20 Apr 2018 11:17:23 AEST ]]> Multidisciplinary home-based rehabilitation in inoperable lung cancer: a randomised controlled trial Fri 19 Jul 2019 13:56:42 AEST ]]> Men with unilateral Achilles tendinopathy have impaired balance on the symptomatic side Fri 18 Oct 2019 13:24:44 AEST ]]> A Longitudinal Examination of Postural Impairments in Children With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Implications for Acute Testing Fri 18 Jan 2019 10:36:06 AEST ]]> Assessment of isometric muscle strength and rate of torque development with hand-held dynamometry: Test-retest reliability and relationship with gait velocity after stroke Fri 12 Apr 2019 15:14:19 AEST ]]> Dynamic balance and instrumented gait variables are independent predictors of falls following stroke Fri 11 Jan 2019 15:44:03 AEST ]]> Strength, not flexibility is responsive to match-play in Australian Football athletes 14% of group baseline; flexibility: hip, 10◦, knee 10◦, ankle, 2 cm). Statistical significance was determined when the 95%CI did not include 0 (representing no change from baseline). Results: Maximal isometric hamstring strength was significantly reduced at a group level compared to baseline measurements immediately (−122.8 N, 95%CI: −156.2–89.4, p < 0.001) and at 26 h (−89.6 N, 95%CI: −122.9–56.2, p < 0.001) following matchplay. No significant differences from baseline were observed at 50 and 74 h. These observed reductions in force exceeded minimal clinically meaningful changes. Hip, knee and ankle flexibility tests did not reach clinically meaningful changes at any time point. Discussion: Clinically meaningful and statistically significant reductions in maximal isometric hamstring strength are evident for up to 26 h following competitive match-play. This information may have implications for planning recovery timeframes following competition and implementation of routine monitoring. At a group level, isometric strength should return to baseline levels within 50 h and failure to achieve this recovery level may warrant further investigation. Lower limb flexibility measures were not changed from baseline values in a clinically meaningful way and therefore are not recommended for use as routine monitoring in injury prevention.]]> Fri 09 Nov 2018 13:19:30 AEST ]]> Full training but not full function: Isometric hamstring strength deficits identified up to three years following injury in Australian Football athletes Fri 09 Nov 2018 13:12:26 AEST ]]> Novel use of the Wii Balance Board to prospectively predict falls in community-dwelling older adults Fri 06 Jan 2017 11:06:46 AEST ]]> Lower limb kinematics and physiological responses to prolonged load carriage in untrained individuals Fri 06 Jan 2017 10:32:26 AEST ]]> Postural control at 4 years in very preterm children compared with term-born peers 37wks gestational age) comparison participants. Method: Ninety VPT children (45 males, 45 females; mean age at assessment 4y 1mo; mean birthweight 1022g; mean gestational age 27.3wks) and 36 term comparison participants (17 males, 19 females; mean age at assessment 4y; mean birthweight 3507g; mean gestational age 39.4wks) were assessed for postural stability with a portable force plate, the Wii Balance Board. Tasks included static two-limbed standing with eyes open, eyes closed, eyes open on a foam mat, eyes closed on a foam mat, a cognitive dual task, and single leg standing on each limb. The cognitive dual task involved showing the participants a series of pictures that appeared on screen at 2-second intervals. Impaired postural control was defined as increased postural sway measured by centre of pressure path-length velocity. Functional performance was assessed during dynamic jumping and hopping tasks using the outcome measure flight time, with shorter time indicating worse performance. Results: VPT children had impaired static and dynamic balance, with increased postural sway under all conditions, and reduced flight times compared with children born at term. When results were adjusted for body weight, the only group differences in postural control were in the cognitive dual task (cm/s; mean difference 0.6; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.02, 1.2; p=0.04) and flight times (ms; jumping; mean difference -26.0; 95% CI -47.1, -5.0; p=0.02; left leg hopping; mean difference -30.1; 95% CI -48.5, -11.8; p=0.002). Interpretation: VPT children demonstrated reduced postural control at 4 years of age compared with term-born children when presented with a cognitive dual task. They also performed worse during jumping and hopping tasks. © 2014 Mac Keith Press.]]> Fri 06 Jan 2017 10:17:46 AEST ]]> Intra-rater reliability of hallux flexor strength measures using the Nintendo Wii Balance Board Fri 06 Jan 2017 08:46:52 AEST ]]> The reliability and sensitivity of a Wii Balance Board® to measure balance in people with MS Fri 02 Feb 2018 09:46:39 AEST ]]> Predicting mobility limitations in patients with total knee arthroplasty in the inpatient setting Fri 01 Nov 2019 15:44:43 AEST ]]>