${session.getAttribute("locale")} 5 Inter-rater agreement on PIVC-associated phlebitis signs, symptoms and scales 20% of observations), whereas the Curran, Lanbeck and Rickard scales were the most restrictive (≤2% phlebitis). Only tenderness and the Catney (one of pain, tenderness, erythema or palpable cord) and Rittenberg scales (one of erythema, swelling, tenderness or pain) had acceptable (more than two-thirds, 66.7%) levels of inter-rater agreement. Conclusions: Inter-rater agreement for phlebitis assessment signs/symptoms and scales is low. This likely contributes to the high degree of variability in phlebitis rates in literature. We recommend further research into assessment of infrequent signs/symptoms and the Catney or Rittenberg scales. New approaches to evaluating vein irritation that are valid, reliable and based on their ability to predict complications need exploration.]]> Wed 29 Jun 2016 08:28:48 AEST ]]> Adsorption and Leachable Contamination of Flucloxacillin, Cyclosporin and Amiodarone Following Delivery Through an Intravenous Administration Set Fri 29 May 2020 17:50:06 AEST ]]>