Three polyvalent Streptomyces phages were used to isolate four Micromonospora species (M. carbonacea, M. chalcea, M. purpureochromogenes, and M. inositola) from mine-site rhizosphere soils in Western Australia. Streptomyces violascens was isolated using selective isolation techniques from the same soils. The Micromonspora spp. were examined for their ability to produce cellulases. Micromonospora carbonacea, M. chalcea, and M. purpureochromogenes, which were found to produce the enzyme, caused lysis of Phytophthora cinnamomi hyphae. Glasshouse trials showed that the use of the cellulase-producing M. carbonacea isolate, in conjunction with the antibiotic-producing S. violascens isolate, had a synergistic effect on the suppression of the Phytophthora root rot and in promoting growth of Banksia grandis. The importance of using a number of antagonists with different antagonistic abilities to control plant pathogenic fungi is discussed. Keywords: biological control, Micromonospora carbonacea, Streptomyces violascens, cellulases, Phytophthora cinnamomi.
Canadian Journal of Botany / Vol. 74, No. 4, pp.618-624
Synergistic effects of a cellulase-producing Micromonospora carbonacea and an antibiotic-producing Streptomyces violascens on the suppression of Phytophthora cinnamomi root rot of Banksia grandis