Work-Life Balance: Towards an Integrated Conceptual Framework
The present paper explores how personal and environmental characteristics collectively contribute to the dynamics of work-life balance. A conceptualisation is proposed that integrates relevant theoretical frameworks to advance an overall model. The proposed conceptualisation and model merge and extend ideas from ecological systems theory, positive psychology and resources-and-demands theory. Consideration is given to the various aspects of work-life balance: personal and environmental factors (demands and resources), indicators (conflict and facilitation), measures (equilibrium, control and synchrony) and consequences (health and well-being, satisfaction and performance). A range of limitations identified in the current research theory and methodology are covered, providing insights into gaps in our knowledge. The practical implications, for individuals and organisations, of taking an integrated approach are also discussed.
New Zealand Journal of Human Resources Management: Vol. 9, No. 3, pp.174-186