Most PICTs are reliant on a limited number of export commodities for most of their agricultural export earnings. The region’s tree crop commodity exports are copra and coconut oil (PNG, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji and minor industries in Kiribati, Samoa and Tonga), coffee (PNG and minor industries in Vanuatu and Tonga), cocoa (PNG, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Samoa and a minor industry in Fiji), palm oil (PNG and Solomon Islands), rubber (PNG) and tea (PNG). This chapter focuses attention on the four major tree crop commodities: coconuts (Cocos nucifera), coffee (Coffea arabica), cocoa (Theobroma cacao) and oil palm (Elaeis guineensis). Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) and tea (Camellia sinensis) are not covered because they are relatively minor export commodities and are only grown in PNG.
Vulnerability of Pacific Agriculture and Forestry to Climate Change / Taylor, Mary, McGregor, A, Dawson, B (eds): pp.239-293