The aim of these studies was to assess and quantitate the effects of cyclosporin-A (CyA) on brain APP messenger RNA and neuronal perikaryal APP antigen expression following controlled focal head impact in sheep. Impact results in a significant increase in both APP mRNA and neuronal perikaryal APP antigen expression. Post-traumatic administration of CyA (intrathecal 10 mg/kg) resulted in a reduction in APP mRNA and neuronal perikaryal antigen expression. At 2 h postinjury, CyA treatment caused a statistically significant (p < 0.05) 1.3 ± 0.1-fold decrease in APP mRNA in the central gray matter of impacted sheep compared to untreated impacted sheep. A more profound reduction in APP mRNA synthesis (1.6 ± 0.2 fold) was evident at 6 h (p < 0.05). The mean percentage brain area with APP immunoreactive neuronal perikarya at 6 h post-injury was 94.5% in untreated impacted animals, 10.0% in CyA-treated impacted animals, 5.5% in untreated non-impacted animals, and 6% in CyA-treated non-impacted controls. These results demonstrate that CyA has a downregulatory effect on increased APP expression caused by TBI.
Journal of Neurotrauma / Vol. 21, No. 11, pp.1562-1572