Ti and Ti-TiB composite materials were produced by selective laser melting (SLM). Ti showed an α΄ microstructure, whereas the Ti-TiB composite revealed a distribution of needle-like TiB particles across an α-Ti matrix. Hardness (H) and reduced elastic modulus (Er) were investigated by nanoindentation using loads of 2, 5 and 10 mN. The results showed higher H and Er values for the Ti-TiB than Ti due to the hardening and stiffening effects of the TiB reinforcements. On increasing the nanoindentation load, H and Er were decreased. Comparison of the nanoindentation results with those derived from conventional hardness and compression tests indicated that 5 mN is the most suitable nanoindentation load to assess the elastic modulus and hardness properties. The wear resistance of the samples was related to their corresponding H/Er and H3/Er2 ratios obtained by nanoindentation. These investigations showed that there is a high degree of consistency between the characterization using nanoindentation and the wear evaluation from conventional wear tests.
Materials Science and Engineering: A / Vol. 688, pp.20-26