Multi-species agroforestry has a long history in the Pacific Islands, and many benefits of this practice have been identified. The area of agroforestry declined in these countries during the colonial era and, although there has been renewed interest over the last 30 years, only a small area has been planted. Many tree species with high-value timber and other products are indigenous to the Pacific Islands, but there has been little experience of growing most of these in plantations. In a research project funded by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), a component was included on developing financial models of multi-species agroforestry systems including 'novel' tree species, in Fiji and Vanuatu. This involved developing a suite of financial models for individual tree and crop species, identifying suitable planting sites and compatible mixtures with financial and environmental potential, and then integrating these multi-species models in Excel workbooks. This paper discusses choice of financial analysis method, identifying priority multi-species mixtures for Fiji and Vanuatu, and performing financial analysis. Financial performance estimates are reported for a number of agroforestry systems judged suitable for particular site conditions. Comments are made about the strengths and weaknesses of the analysis approach, and policy implications of the study, and suggestions are made for further research.
IUFRO Research Group 3.08 Small-scale Forestry Conference, Sunshine Coast, Australia 11-15 October 2015
Small-scale and Community Forestry and the Changing Nature of Forest Landscapes, Proceedings from the IUFRO Research Group 3.08 Small-scale Forestry Conference / Meadows, John, Harrison, Steve R, Herbohn, John (eds): pp.110-125