The use of low quality forest reproductive material is one of the major reasons for the mixed results of past watershed rehabilitation programs in the Philippines. Since 2010, a national policy on forest nursery accreditation has been implemented to regulate the quality of forest reproductive materials. Implementers of forest rehabilitation programs are directed to use high quality seedlings from accredited seedling suppliers. Despite this requirement, low quality seedlings are still largely planted in reforestation projects including the recent National Greening Program (NGP). Surveys of the forest nursery sector in Eastern Visayas and Northern Mindanao regions were carried out to determine the effectiveness and challenges in implementing the forest nursery accreditation policy. The survey has identified factors that limit the effectiveness of seedling quality regulation including insufficient seedling production schedules due to delayed disbursement of project funds, inappropriate criteria for seedling quality assessment, lack of auditing of seedling quality in accredited nurseries, and insufficient monitoring of seedling supply chain among the network of nurseries supplying seedlings for reforestation programs. The limited sources of high quality germplasm, nursery operators' limited information on the attributes of high quality planting materials and insufficient knowledge on high quality seedling production technologies contributed to the widespread production of low quality seedlings. Nursery accreditation represents a huge leap in promoting the success of watershed rehabilitation nationally. However, considerable improvement of the implementation system and establishment of support mechanisms is necessary.
IUFRO Research Group 3.08 Small-scale Forestry Conference, Sunshine Coast, Australia 11-15 October 2015
Small-scale and Community Forestry and the Changing Nature of Forest Landscapes, Proceedings from the IUFRO Research Group 3.08 Small-scale Forestry Conference / Meadows, John, Harrison, Steve R, Herbohn, John (eds): pp.94-109