This thesis for PhD by publication has provided a critical analysis about the foresight methods and processes that help to shape and design city futures in South East Queensland. Causal Layered Analysis is applied to four city visioning initiatives to help clarify the phases of the initiatives and how they might inform futures knowledge. The four South East Queensland councils in this study were responding to the perceived challenges posed by rapid growth. The initiatives aimed first to deliver, explore and shape the multiple opportunities anticipated from this growth, and second to protect against potential threats that unrestrained growth implied. These city futures initiatives devised imaginative city visions and themes that when implemented guided the popular development of whole of city strategies such as cultural, transport and sustainable economic development.
Submitted in the fulfilment of the requirements of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, University of the Sunshine Coast, 2016.