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Neuromuscular deficits after peripheral joint injury: A neurophysiological hypothesis
Pearce, A J
Bryant, A L
In addition to biomechanical disturbances, peripheral joint injuries (PJIs) can also result in chronic neuromuscular alterations due in part to loss of mechanoreceptor-mediated afferent feedback. An emerging perspective is that PJI should be viewed as a neurophysiological dysfunction, not simply a local injury. Neurophysiological and neuroimaging studies have provided some evidence for central nervous system (CNS) reorganization at both the cortical and spinal levels after PJI. The novel hypothesis proposed is that CNS reorganization is the underlying mechanism for persisting neuromuscular deficits after injury, particularly muscle weakness. There is a lack of direct evidence to support this hypothesis, but future studies utilizing force-matching tasks with superimposed transcranial magnetic stimulation may be help clarify this notion. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Muscle and Nerve / Vol. 51, No. 3, pp.327-332
John Wiley & Sons Inc.
FoR 11 (Medical and Health Sciences)
central nervous system
transcranial magnetic stimulation
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