Spaceflight is known to include the risk for physiological deconditioning as well as mental impairments, endangering mission safety and success. While Space science primarily focussed on physical health in the past, mental health (i.e. cognitive performance and affective state) was widely neglected. Today, not only in Space but also exercise science, the promotion of exercise for mental health is on the rise. This chapter is dedicated to review the known cognitive and affective deficits in relation to spaceflight. It aims to provide information about the underlying neurophysiological mechanisms, thus discussing the effect and application of exercise as a countermeasure, and to illustrate the contribution of Space science to mental health for our society.
Exercise in Space: A Holistic Approach for the Benefit of Human Health on Earth / Schneider, S (ed): pp.93-108