The Behaviour of Young Novice Drivers Scale (the BYNDS, Scott-Parker et al., 2010) is a reliable and valid self-report 44-item instrument which explores the frequency of a breadth of risky driving behaviours which appear to place young and novice drivers at increased risk of road crash injury. As part of a larger collaborative research project, the Australian-developed BYNDS was piloted in a sample of 20 young New Zealand drivers (n = 14 aged 16-18 years, 9 males; n = 6 aged 19-24 years, 2 males). The wording of 21 BYNDS items was modified to reflect the cultural context of the participating New Zealand drivers. The refined BYNDS was applied in a sample of 325 young drivers (n = 116 aged 16-18 years, 65 males; n = 209 aged 19-24 years, 98 males), and the factor structure examined, including exploratory factor analysis for each gender. The 5-factor structure of the BYNDS was supported, with young drivers reporting considerable engagement in risky driving exposure, moderate engagement in transient violations and mood-related driving, and less fixed violations and driving misjudgements. Risky driving exposure was predictive of self-reported crash involvement for both males and females, suggesting targeted intervention regarding when, and the circumstances under which, the young driver is on the road.
2014 Australasian Road Safety Research, Policing and Education (ARSRPE) Conference: It always seems impossible until it's done, Melbourne, Australia 12-14 November 2014
Proceedings of the 2014 Australasian Road Safety Research, Policing and Education Conference / pp.1-14